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The Humanities − Economics – Concepts and Skills Charts

Introduction | Economic knowledge and understanding | Economic reasoning and interpretation | Downloads | Show all

Introduction

The Humanities - Economics standards focus on a number of concepts and skills. The charts below identify, for the two dimensions of Economic knowledge and understanding; and Economic reasoning and interpretation the concepts and skills and the expectations of students at each level.

Key concepts and skills identified for each dimension are:

  • Economic knowledge and understanding
  • Understanding resource allocation
  • Understanding the role of consumers and producers
  • Identifying factors that affect employment
  • Developing skills in consumer and financial literacy
  • Understanding consequences of government policies

As students progress from Level 1 to 6 the concepts and skills become more complex. This complexity is developed through:

In some cases, elements of the standards have been used verbatim in the charts; in other cases the standards include elaborations.

 

Economic knowledge and understanding chart

This chart identifies and, in some cases, elaborates the key concepts and skills incorporated in the standards.

Sample unit This symbol in the Concepts and skills charts links to a sample unit where the particular concept or skill is addressed in the teaching and learning activities.

Key concepts and skills

Level 1, 2 and 3

Level 4

Level 5

Level 6

Understanding resource allocation

Standards do not apply at Levels 1, 2 and 3.

The Humanities Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 learning focus statements suggest appropriate learning experiences from which teachers can plan relevant teaching and learning activities that support students to develop the concepts and skills.

Describe economic problem (scarcity) and explain how selected goods and services are produced and distributed.

Explain economic problems such as:

  • scarcity
  • opportunity cost
  • resource allocation.
Explain how economic choices involve trade-offs that have both immediate and future consequences.

Describe how markets, government policies, enterprise and innovation affect the economy, society and environment in terms of employment, economic growth, the use of resources, exports and imports, and ecological sustainability.

 

Explain key factors that influence the Australian economy, including the quantity and quality of resource use.

Analyse how goods and services are produced and how markets work.

Sample unit Level 6 An enterprising idea

Understanding the role of consumers and producers

Explain the need to be an informed consumer.

Make informed economic and consumer decisions.

Discuss and explain what it means to be an ethical consumer and producer.

Sample unit Level 6 An enterprising idea

Identify examples of ways values can affect the economic decision making of consumers, producers and governments.

Describe the difference between needs and wants, and their own roles as producers and consumers of goods and services.

Explain key factors involved in production, ownership and management, and types of businesses.

Predict how prices will change when there is either a surplus or shortage, and explain how this might influence the behaviour of consumers and producers.

Identifying factors that affect employment

Explain the role of work in society and distinguish between paid and unpaid work.

Describe factors that affect choice of employment and opportunities for current and future work, and explain the relationship between education, training and work opportunities.

Analyse vocational pathways and education and training requirements and identify possible career paths and opportunities.

Compare different types of work and enterprise in the local community.

Demonstrate skills required for moving from school to employment or further education.

Developing skills in consumer and financial literacy

Demonstrate basic understanding of personal money management and the role of banking, budgeting and saving.

Make informed economic and consumer decisions, demonstrating the development of personal financial literacy.

Explain the role and significance of savings and investment for individuals and for the economy, and demonstrate the skills required to successfully plan and manage personal finances.

Understanding consequences of government policies

 

Identify and describe ways the government influences economic outcomes at the personal, local and national level.

Analyse the role and significance of exchange, trade and globalisation in influencing Australia’s standard of living.
Analyse the role that governments and other institutions such as banks, the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) play in the economy, and evaluate their performance in achieving appropriate economic outcomes for individuals and for society.
Predict the economic consequences of proposed government policies and make informed choices among alternative public policy proposals.

Explain the impact of macroeconomic and microeconomic policies on themselves and others, including businesses.

 

 

Economic reasoning and interpretation chart

This chart identifies and, in some cases, elaborates the key concepts and skills incorporated in the standards.

Sample unit This symbol in the Concepts and skills charts links to a sample unit where the particular concept or skill is addressed in the teaching and learning activities.

Key concepts and skills

Level 1,2 and 3

Level 4

Level 5

Level 6

Inquiring into economic issues and forming conclusions

Standards do not apply at Levels 1, 2 and 3.

The Humanities Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3 learning focus statements suggest appropriate learning experiences from which teachers can plan relevant teaching and learning activities that support students to develop the concepts and skills.

Use the inquiry process to plan economics investigations about economic issues in the home, school or local community and form conclusions supported by evidence.

Use the inquiry process to plan economics investigations, analyse and interpret data, and form conclusions supported by evidence.

Use economic reasoning, including cost-benefit analysis, to research and propose solutions to economic issues and problems of global significance, and to clarify and justify values and attitudes.

Plan and conduct investigations in order to research an economic problem and/or argue the validity or otherwise of their own hypotheses.

Developing and justifying opinions about economic issues

 

Form and express opinions on economic issues that interest and/or impact on them personally, or locally and/or nationally.

Use relevant economic concepts and relationships to evaluate economic propositions, proposals and policies, and debate the costs and benefits of contentious economics-related issues of local, national or international concern.

Sample unit Level 6 An enterprising idea

Demonstrate an awareness of the impact of values and beliefs on economic issues, and how differences may be identified, negotiated, explained and possibly resolved.

Interpret reports about current economic conditions, both national and global, and explain how these conditions can influence decisions made by consumers, producers and government policymakers.

 

Downloads

The Humanities - Economics concepts and skills charts

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A3 format (Doc - 45KB)

A4 format (PDF - 20KB)

A3 format (PDF - 18KB)

The Humanities - Economics standards

Standards (Doc - 35KB)


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