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VELS Level 1 - Prep Year at School

The Victorian Essential Learning Standards make it easier for schools to create an environment for our youngest students to learn and achieve in their Prep year.

Literacy, numeracy, interpersonal development, physical wellbeing and the arts are important areas to develop in Prep. The table below shows where standards are set for assessment and reporting in the Prep year. Standards are set in these areas only because these are the highest priority for learning at this level. Schools devote more time to these areas since they have been set as a priority at Prep.

Victorian Essential Learning Standards - Prep

Physical, Personal and Social Learning
  • Health and Physical Education
  • Interpersonal Development
Discipline-based Learning
  • The Arts
  • English
  • Mathematics

Varied activities and a vibrant classroom are important for a growing child in Prep. It is here that students can develop positive attitudes to learning. Understanding what it means to be a good friend, have a good friend and care for and work with others is part of their development.

As students finish Prep they have learnt basic literacy and numeracy skills and mastered simple motor and coordination skills. They have started to learn how to work together in class. They have participated in physical activities building their potential and expressed ideas and feelings in their work in the arts.

The more children practise their skills, the more confident they become and the more they are likely to enjoy learning. There are opportunities for parents and schools to work together to encourage children’s desire to learn, for example parents reading to their children and helping them enjoy books.

Standards for Prep in particular areas of learning are illustrated in the following examples.


Prep students complete activities in English that focus on learning how to write letters of the alphabet correctly. Students also concentrate on reading, writing, speaking and listening. For example, they start to understand the alphabet and that we read from left to right. They move from these skills to:

At the same time they:


At Prep in mathematics the standards concentrate on:

Students learn to use different sizes and shapes and understand how to put things side by side, in front or behind, under and over and use ideas such as larger and heavier. Students show achievement of the standards in a variety of ways including:

Interpersonal Development

Children develop their interpersonal skills as they interact with other students, teachers and other adults.

The standards describe expectations about how Prep children:

The Arts

In the arts, Prep students create and make performing arts (for example, music and dance) and two-dimensional and three-dimensional visual arts works (for example, drawings and clay models). They:

How Caroline learns about health and physical education

Caroline participates in a range of games and activities and experiences movement with a variety of equipment such as skipping ropes, hoops, bats, balls and bean bags.

She works towards achieving the standards in this area of learning by:

  • developing a range of basic motor skills such as jumping, hopping, throwing, catching and balancing
  • regularly participating in physical activities to promote good health such as brisk walking, active play, swimming, dance and games
  • using words to describe her movements and emotional responses to physical activities
  • following rules in physical activities and sharing equipment safely.


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