VELS Level 1 - Prep Year at School
The Victorian Essential Learning Standards make it easier for schools to create an environment for our youngest students to learn and achieve in their Prep year.
Literacy, numeracy, interpersonal development, physical wellbeing and the arts are important areas to develop in Prep. The table below shows where standards are set for assessment and reporting in the Prep year. Standards are set in these areas only because these are the highest priority for learning at this level. Schools devote more time to these areas since they have been set as a priority at Prep.
Victorian Essential Learning Standards - Prep
|Physical, Personal and Social Learning
Varied activities and a vibrant classroom are important for a growing child in Prep. It is here that students can develop positive attitudes to learning. Understanding what it means to be a good friend, have a good friend and care for and work with others is part of their development.
As students finish Prep they have learnt basic literacy and numeracy skills and mastered simple motor and coordination skills. They have started to learn how to work together in class. They have participated in physical activities building their potential and expressed ideas and feelings in their work in the arts.
The more children practise their skills, the more confident they become and the more they are likely to enjoy learning. There are opportunities for parents and schools to work together to encourage children’s desire to learn, for example parents reading to their children and helping them enjoy books.
Standards for Prep in particular areas of learning are illustrated in the following examples.
Prep students complete activities in English that focus on learning how to write letters of the alphabet correctly. Students also concentrate on reading, writing, speaking and listening. For example, they start to understand the alphabet and that we read from left to right. They move from these skills to:
- writing simple sentences
- writing simple stories on topics such as family, pets, holidays.
At the same time they:
- learn the importance of listening
- develop confidence in sharing stories and contributing ideas
- learn how to ask questions for information
- learn to use simple punctuation such as full stops and capital letters
- self-correct by rephrasing when a statement or question is unclear.
At Prep in mathematics the standards concentrate on:
- space through shapes, objects and location
- measurement, chance and data
- learning to work mathematically.
Students learn to use different sizes and shapes and understand how to put things side by side, in front or behind, under and over and use ideas such as larger and heavier. Students show achievement of the standards in a variety of ways including:
- putting items in order of size
- using numbers 0–20
- doing basic addition and subtraction
- recognising shapes such as triangles, circles and squares
- sequencing days of the week.
Children develop their interpersonal skills as they interact with other students, teachers and other adults.
The standards describe expectations about how Prep children:
- develop friendships
- learn to share and take turns
- identify the qualities of a friend
- respect the rights and feelings of others.
In the arts, Prep students create and make performing arts (for example, music and dance) and two-dimensional and three-dimensional visual arts works (for example, drawings and clay models). They:
- use a variety of elements such as colour, movement, shape and texture
- work with their voices and materials and equipment such as textiles, puppets and musical instruments
- talk about their own and others’ arts works.
How Caroline learns about health and physical education